这篇文章是我们正在进行一系列的翻译宾夕法尼亚诉讼的律师胡言乱语到的东西可以理解的一部分。对于条款中大胆退房的定义即推出这一系列的帖子。A list of the all of the posts in the series is at the tail end of this article.
So it’s time to go to the高等民事法院。Whetheryou tried other steps firstor elected to start here, today we walk through how the parties to a lawsuit lay the groundwork for their claims and defenses.
抱怨, Answer, and Reply
Both the原告and the被告in a lawsuit describe their claims and defenses, respectively, in documents called “pleadings.” This is just legalese for a type of court filing that describes in broad strokes what the parties’ positions will be. If all goes smoothly, you can expect this process:
- Filing the Complaint- 该原告starts by filing a抱怨。该抱怨needs to outline the basic facts of the dispute and what the原告wants to get.
- 服务投诉——原告服务于抱怨on the被告。一般情况下，这必须由具有从警长办公室手的人提供的复印件来完成抱怨。
- Checking for a Default- 该被告must respond to the抱怨within 20 days of having a copy delivered to him or her. If he or she does not, the原告can send a warning called a “Notice of Default.” If the被告still does not respond, 10 days after sending the Notice of Default the原告can request a缺席判决。
- 回答ing the Complaint- 该被告响应中的每个编号的段落抱怨在文档称为回答。So paragraph 1 of the回答responds to paragraph 1 of the抱怨， 等等。
- Raising New Issues- 该回答还可以包含两种类型的语句超越回应到抱怨。该first is called “New Matter,” which are new facts the被告thinks are important but that the原告left out. New Matter can also contain certain types of legal defenses. The second type is “Counterclaims,” which are legal claims back against the原告。Counterclaims are claims that could have been raised by the被告in a抱怨。但不是有两起诉讼在同一时间去，双方的权利被同时处理。
- Responding to the New Issues– If the被告的答辩书has New Matter or Counterclaims, the原告文件他或她自己对这些新的语句回应。该响应文件被称为回复从区分开来被告’s
What if there is a problem in the抱怨that the被告要立即解决？例如，如果争端应该被提交在不同的法院是什么。相反，提交一份的回答,被告also has the option to file Preliminary Objections to the抱怨。初步反对意见是宾夕法尼亚等同的东西很多地方所谓的“行动遣散。”初步反对意见要求法院看在某些程序或法律缺陷抱怨。
After the原告and the被告have filedBriefs争论的初步反对意金宝搏网址见，法院将作出决定。除了在罕见的情况下，法院会引发出整个抱怨, you should expect after the court rules to resume the procedure set forth above.
What should I do?
If you are a原告想申请一个金宝搏网址抱怨，我建议您先咨询律师。虽然你可以代表你自己，你成功的几率是具有更好的litigator就在你身边，指导您完成整个过程。
Similarly, if you have just been served with a抱怨by the Sheriff’s Office, I recommend seeking legal assistanceIMMEDIATELY。This is not one of those times that you can bury your head in the sand and hope it goes away. After a缺席判决has been entered, there are few options to protect yourself.
Check out the rest of our series “Explaining PA Lawsuits Using Plain Language”:
- 关键术语 - 你需要知道的定义
- Let’s Get It Started – before we get to court
- Pleading (Not the 5th) – the basics of stating the claims
- Who’s On First? –collecting evidence
- 轮到你说话 - 你需要知道什么样沉积金宝搏网址
- As a Matter of Law – motions that could end your case before trial
- 最后的倒计时 - 审判和审判后的程序